Panchakarma is Ayurveda’s primary purification and detoxification treatment. Panchakarma means “five therapies”. These 5 therapeutic treatments cut toxins from the body. They are Vamana, Virechana, Nasya, Basti and Raktamoskshana. The series of these five therapies help remove deep-rooted stress and illness causing toxins from the body while balancing the doshas (energies that govern all biological functions).
Ayurveda emphasizes preventative and healing therapies along with various methods of purification and rejuvenation. Panchakarma is one of them.
Panchakarma treatment is the combination of five action therapies that forms five cleansing procedures. These therapies are the purification procedures for rejuvenation of the body and the mind. The five fold therapy or the Panchakarma treatment includes three steps. These are purvakarma (preparatory procedures), pradhanakarma (the main treatment) and paschatkarma (post treatment). This treatment is effective in bringing the right balance of the three doshas (vatta, pitta and kapha). It maintains the right co-ordination of the body and the mind.
The philosophy on which the Panchakarma treatment stands is that the tri-doshas (vata, pitta and kapha) governs the body functions and one of the doshas dominates the other as per body type and nature. To strike a balance between the three doshas, this therapeutic healing science is applied for mental and physical well-being. These five actions are time proven and natural age-old techniques for the restoration of natural state of body health and mind. This also restores the youth and vigour, thereby enhancing the longevity of a person.
There are tremendous benefits of undergoing the Panchakarma treatment. This enables rejuvenation of mind and body. Also removes negative vibes from the body. This restores a natural harmony and balance of the human body and the mind. This is a complete wellness program that offers tremendous health benefits.
The five main treatments under Panchakarma are:
- Vamana: This is a medicated emesis therapy. It removes Kapha toxins collected in the respiratory tract. People with high Kapha imbalance take this treatment. Daily treatment involves loosening and mobilizing the toxins to finally end them.
Benefits: Bronchial Asthma. Chronic allergies. Hay fever. Vitiligo, psoriasis. Hyperacidity, chronic indigestion. Nasal congestion. Edema. Obesity. Psychological disorders and skin disorders.
- Virechana (Purgation): This is a medicated purgation therapy. It removes pitta toxins from the body. This accumulates in the liver and gallbladder. It completely cleanses the gastrointestinal tract. It is a safe procedure without side effects.
Benefits: It helps to root out chronic fever, diabetes, asthma. Skin disorders such as herpes, vitiligo and psoriasis. Paraplegia, hemiplegia, joint disorders. Digestive disorders like constipation, hyperacidity. Headaches. Elephantiasis and gynecological disorders.
- Basti (Enema or colonic irrigation): Considered as the mother of all Panchakarma treatments. It cleanses the accumulated toxins from all the 3 doshas, vata, pitta and Kapha through the colon. Basti is also beneficial as a rejuvenating treatment. They give medicated oil or ghee and an herbal decoction as enema to clean the colon. It also increases the muscle tone. They provide this treatment for several days based on the medical condition of a person.
Benefits: Hemiplegia, paraplegia. Colitis. Convalescence. Cervical spondylosis. Irritable bowel syndrome, constipation, digestive disorders. Backache & sciatica. Obesity, piles. Sexual debility & infertility.
- Nasya (nose cleaning): This involves administration of medicated oil through the nose to cleanse accumulated Kapha toxins from the head and neck region. Based on the medical condition of a person. The patient can take Nasya for up to 30 days.
Benefits: Include trigeminal neuralgia, Bell’s Palsy, improves memory & eye sight, insomnia, elimination of excess mucus, hyper pigmentation in the face, pre-mature greying of hair, clarity of voice, headaches of various origins, hemiplegia, loss of smell and taste, frozen shoulder, migraine, stiffness of the neck, nasal allergies, nasal polyp, neurological dysfunctions, Paraplegia and sinusitis.
- Raktamokshana: This is a procedure to cleanse the blood. Advised only in rare conditions. It is not advised during general Panchakarma. Most ayurveda centers do not offer Raktamokshana due to the high risk of infection involved in blood cleansing.
Some of the Panchakarma packages are:
Pizhichil (7-21 Days). Navarakizhi (7-21 Days). Sirodhara (7 – 21 Days). Brumhana Vasthi (5 -25 Days). Urovasthi (7 Days). Sirovasthi (7 – 14 Days). Kativasthi (7 Days). Abhyangam (14 – 21 Days). Udvarthanam (14 -28 Days). Nasyam (7 – 21 Days). Snehapanam (8 -12 Days). Kizhi (7 -14 days). Dhanyamla Dhara (14 Days). Ksheeradhoomam (7 Days). Thalam (7 Days). Lepanam (7 Days). Thalapothichil (7 Days). Tharpanam (1 Time). Rejuvenation Massage (1 Time). General Massage (1 Time). Medicated Steam Bath (1 Time). Marma Massage (1 Time). Mukhalepam (1 Time).
Some of the videos illustrating Panchakarma treatments are given below:
The ayurvedic wellness centres offer Panchakarma treatment. It starts with step by step detoxification process. It balances all the three doshas governing the biological system of the body. This wellness treatment includes specific and timely herbal diet. Vaidyas supervise these treatments. These treatments are natural and are without any side effects. The Panchakarma treatment is effective in eliminating more than 50% of toxins from the body. This treatment makes up proved herbal concoction and medicated oils through a liquid medium. Massage coupled with chants and mantras provide wholesome rejuvenation for the body and the mind.
Panchakarma treatment is a complete detoxification program carried out before undergoing any major therapies. This is a stage where the human body prepares for major treatments by administering the eliminative therapy on the body. The wondrous effects of this treatment are tremendous. It provides high relief to the patients. These treatments not only provide a great relief to chronic ailment but are also administered for boosting up the immune system.
Panchakarma treatment provides relief to many ailments such as constipation, arthriris, headaches, backache, kidney stones, heart burn or pain, nausea, liver disorders, chronic fever, jaundice, joint pains and the like. They provide treatment after a proper diagnosis and history of medical health records of the patient. A normal healthy person can get the Panchakarma treatment. Vaidyas (doctors) recommend the right treatment. They hold years of combined experience on the Panchakarma treatment process. The cleansing methods target to correct human disorders and make the body free from toxins revitalizing the body and the mind.
Patients with specific age limits obtain Panchakarma therapy recommended by the ayurveda experts. This rejuvenating therapy cleanses the body and the mind. It detoxifies to promote entire wellness of the body. The effect of this five-fold treatment is tremendous and promotes long-lasting results. This wellness therapy of Panchakarma even treats chronic ailments. It helps to meet a blissful state.